Methodologic Approaches To Surveillance Of HIV Infection Among Blood Donors
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Methodologic Approaches To Surveillance Of HIV Infection Among Blood Donors

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  • English

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    • Alternative Title:
      Public Health Rep
    • Description:
      Blood donors make up the largest group in the U.S. that is tested for human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV) antibody. The blood donor population is ideal for detecting and quantifying uncommon or unrecognized modes of HIV transmission in the general population because persons at known risk for HIV infection are excluded from donating blood. The national HIV surveillance program consists of a centralized computer database of information on all donations at selected American Red Cross blood centers, which together account for about a quarter of the blood supply, and all donations at 20 regional blood centers where seropositive blood donors are interviewed to evaluate their risk factors for HIV infection and to determine their epidemiologic characteristics and motives for donation. Trends in HIV prevalence and incidence within specific demographic subgroups are determined for first-time and repeat donors. Combining the trends with HIV-risk profile data from seropositive donors provides a rate for HIV seropositive donors with no identified risk. Epidemiologic and behavioral data from seropositive donors will help in the development and evaluation of future donor deferral strategies.
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