Prevalence of Weakness and its Relationship with Limitations based on the Foundations for the National Institutes for Health Project: Data from the Health & Retirement Study
Published Date:Jun 1 2016
Source:Eur J Clin Nutr. 70(10):1168-1173.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC5052111
Funding:R01 MH078052/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
R24 MH102794/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
T32 MH073553/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
U48 DP005018/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
R01 DD000140/DD/NCBDD CDC HHS/United States
Determine the prevalence of muscle weakness using the two 2014 Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia Project criteria and its relationship to physical limitations, basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL).
We performed a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling adults from the Health and Retirement Study 2006-2008 and identified a subsample of 5,092 adults aged ≥60 years with grip strength data. Self-reported physical limitations, basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) were assessed. Criteria for grip strength (GS) (men<26kg; women <16kg), and GS adjusted for body mass index (GS/BMI) (men <1.0; women <0.56) were applied to the sample. We determined prevalence of muscle weakness in each sex. Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate the association of physical limitations, basic and instrument ADLs with weakness definitions e in each sex.
Mean age was 72.1 years (54.9% female).Mean GS was 38.3 and 22.9 kg and mean BMI was 29 kg/m2, respectively in males and females. Weakness prevalence using GS and GS:BMI definitions were 7.8 and 15.2 (p<0.001), respectively in males, and 11.4 and 13.3% (p=0.04), in females. Overall prevalence of physical limitations, basic and instrumental ADL limitations was 52.9%, 28.1%, and 35.9%. In those with weakness, prevalence of physical limitations, basic ADL and instrumental ADL was 78.5%, 42.3% and 65.3% using the GS definition, and 79.7%, 40.7%, and 58.8% using the GS/BMI definition. GS and the GS/BMI definitions of weakness were strongly associated with physical limitations (OR 2.19 [95%CI:1.67-2.87] and 2.52 [2.01-3.17]), basic ADL (OR 1.59 [1.22-2.07] and 1.66 [1.32-2.07]), and instrumental ADLs (OR 1.98 [1.28-2.54] and 1.78 [1.44-2.20]).
The new FNIH guidelines for weakness are associated with higher prevalence of physical limitations basic and instrumental ADL impairments as compared to individuals without weakness
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