Associations between Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains and Phenotypes
Published Date:Feb 2010
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 16(2):272-280.
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Emigrants And Immigrants
Tuberculosis And Other Mycobacteria
Description:To inform development of tuberculosis (TB) control strategies, we characterized a total of 2,261 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates by using multiple phenotypic and molecular markers, including polymorphisms in repetitive sequences (spoligotyping and variable-number tandem repeats [VNTRs]) and large sequence and single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The Beijing family was strongly associated with multidrug resistance (p = 0.0001), and VNTR allelic variants showed strong associations with spoligotyping families: >or=5 copies at exact tandem repeat (ETR) A, >or=2 at mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit 24, and >or=3 at ETR-B associated with the East African-Indian and M. bovis strains. All M. tuberculosis isolates were differentiated into 4 major lineages, and a maximum parsimony tree was constructed suggesting a more complex phylogeny for M. africanum. These findings can be used as a model of pathogen global diversity.
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