Social Behavior and Meningococcal Carriage in British Teenagers
Published Date:Jun 2006
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 12(6):950-957.
Corporate Authors:on behalf of the United Kingdom Meningococcal Carriage Group
Social Behavior Can Explain The Higher Frequency Of Meningococcal Carriage Among Teenagers
Description:Understanding predisposing factors for meningococcal carriage may identify targets for public health interventions. Before mass vaccination with meningococcal group C conjugate vaccine began in autumn 1999, we took pharyngeal swabs from approximately 14,000 UK teenagers and collected information on potential risk factors. Neisseria meningitidis was cultured from 2,319 (16.7%) of 13,919 swabs. In multivariable analysis, attendance at pubs/clubs, intimate kissing, and cigarette smoking were each independently and strongly associated with increased risk for meningococcal carriage (p<0.001). Carriage in those with none of these risk factors was 7.8%, compared to 32.8% in those with all 3. Passive smoking was also linked to higher risk for carriage, but age, sex, social deprivation, home crowding, or school characteristics had little or no effect. Social behavior, rather than age or sex, can explain the higher frequency of meningococcal carriage among teenagers. A ban on smoking in public places may reduce risk for transmission.
image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg text/plain text/plain
You May Also Like: