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Applications of data from the CDC Family of Surveys.
  • Published Date:
    1994 Mar-Apr
  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 109(2):204-211
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-1.99 MB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Description:
    The CDC Family of Surveys is a national serologic surveillance system set up to characterize the extent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States. The now Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and participating State and local health departments began the system in 1987. HIV seroprevalence data are collected by unlinked (anonymous) surveys of particular components of the population that include childbearing women; clients of sexually transmitted disease clinics; injecting drug users; tuberculosis patients; and several special populations, such as adolescents, prisoners, and homeless persons. The data obtained have been used extensively on both national and local levels to assist HIV-prevention programs. Data from the surveys have been used to identify specific demographic groups at risk for HIV infection so that health education programs may be planned and made available to them in clinical settings. Local serosurvey results have been used in planning and implementing prevention programs and in planning health services for HIV-positive persons. The completeness, or coverage, of HIV counseling and testing programs has been evaluated by comparing seroprevalences among clients tested voluntarily with those tested in the unlinked survey. Survey data are used in formulating recommendations and standards of care for health practitioners, in allocating resources, and in carrying out long-range planning for HIV prevention and treatment services for at-risk groups. Such data are essential to the decision-making process in forming public health policy and recommending practices involving the HIV epidemic.
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