Use Of Restraint Devices To Prevent Collision Injuries And Deaths Among Welfare-Supported Children
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

For very narrow results

When looking for a specific result

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Document Data
Clear All
Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Use Of Restraint Devices To Prevent Collision Injuries And Deaths Among Welfare-Supported Children

Filetype[PDF-508.61 KB]



  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Personal Author:
  • Description:
    Evidence that death and injury rates for young children involved in automobile collisions could be reduced if children were restrained prompted the State of Tennessee to pass the nation's first child passenger law, a law that became effective in January 1978. Although similar laws have now been enacted throughout the U.S., usually restraint devices are not provided to low-income groups who may have difficulty affording them. Few studies have examined the use of such devices by welfare recipients. A total of 56 black women, receiving Medicaid and residing in inner city Memphis, were interviewed about their use of passenger restraints during automobile travel for their children ages 0-3 years. About two-thirds of the mothers interviewed said they rarely or never used child passenger restraint devices when transporting their child. Children age 3 years were significantly less likely to be transported in child restraint devices than younger children. Women who had received welfare payments for 3 years or more or who made fewer than one automobile trip a week with their child were significantly less likely to use child passenger restraints. These results suggest that, in spite of child passenger laws, automobile restraint devices are not used for a high percentage of children ages 0-3 years receiving medical care under State and Federal Medicaid programs. Since treatment costs are paid under these programs when children are injured in collisions, program administrators may have strong incentives to increase the proportion of these children being restrained while traveling in motor vehicles.
  • Subjects:
  • Source:
  • Pubmed ID:
  • Pubmed Central ID:
  • Document Type:
  • Funding:
  • Place as Subject:
  • Collection(s):
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • Download URL:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files
More +

Related Documents

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at