Baseline hepatitis B vaccination coverage among persons with diabetes before implementing a U.S. recommendation for vaccination
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Baseline hepatitis B vaccination coverage among persons with diabetes before implementing a U.S. recommendation for vaccination

  • Published Date:

    Apr 01 2012

  • Source:
    Vaccine. 30(23):3376-3382.
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-138.42 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Vaccine
  • Description:
    Background: Recent data suggest that adults with diabetes are at increased risk of incident hepatitis B infection and may suffer increased morbidity or mortality from chronic hepatitis B infection. In October 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended hepatitis B vaccination (HepB) for persons with diabetes aged 19–59 years and stated that persons with diabetes aged 60 years and older should be considered for vaccination. Objective: To determine HepB coverage among persons with diabetes aged ≥19 years prior to implementation of the new ACIP recommendation and to determine predictors for vaccination. Methods: We used the 2009 National Health Interview Survey to determine weighted proportions of self-reported HepB coverage (≥1 and ≥3 doses) among persons with diabetes aged ≥19 years. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors independently associated with vaccination. Results: Overall, 19.5% (95% CI: 17.4–21.6%) and 16.6% (14.7–18.6%) of persons with diabetes, aged ≥19 years, reported receiving ≥1 and ≥3 doses of HepB, respectively, compared with 30.3% (29.4–31.3%) and 26.5% (25.5–27.4%) among persons without diabetes. While unadjusted HepB coverage was higher among persons without diabetes, diabetes status was not associated with ≥1 or ≥3 dose vaccination. Among persons with diabetes, being a healthcare provider (OR 4.2, 2.5–7.0), ever tested for HIV (OR 2.6, 1.8–3.6), high-risk behaviors (OR 1.8, 1.0–3.4, P-value = 0.053) and having some college education (OR 1.7, 1.2–2.4) were all independently associated with vaccination. Conclusion: HepB coverage among persons with diabetes is low. These data can be used to provide a baseline for measuring future progress toward vaccination of persons with diabetes.
  • Pubmed ID:
    22472793
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6215488
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