School connectedness; strategies for increasing protective factors among youth
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School connectedness; strategies for increasing protective factors among youth

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  • Alternative Title:
    Wingspread declaration on school connections
  • Description:
    "The strategies and actions recommended in this publication are based on the Wingspread Declaration on School Connections and a synthesis of school connectedness and related research from the fields of education, health, psychology, and sociology. Materials in the review include peer-reviewed journal articles, books, reports from government agencies and non-governmental organizations, and Web sites. Information from these sources was summarized to identify policies and practices that demonstrated an impact on students’ sense of connectedness to school. In addition, recommendations were informed by the opinions of expert researchers, public health practitioners, and educators. This process identified six evidence-based strategies that could be implemented to increase students’ sense of connectedness to school, along with specific actions that can be taken to implement each of the strategies. The audiences for this publication include school administrators, teachers, support staff, and parents, as well as others interested in promoting school connectedness. Each audience, however, has different roles and responsibilities related to garnering support for, and implementing, these actions. Only a limited number of studies have evaluated the impact of specific actions designed to foster school connectedness on health and academic outcomes. Therefore, many of the actions suggested in this publication are recommended on the basis of a single study of interventions that implemented multiple actions simultaneously, and it is difficult to isolate which components of the overall intervention contributed to observed positive changes in behavior and outcomes. However, actions were included only if CDC scientists and the panel of advisors for this project believed there was a logical connection between the action and school connectedness; the action was consistent with recognized standards of practice and feasible for most schools to implement; and the action was considered highly unlikely to be harmful to students." - p. 4


    Includes bibliographical references (p. 18-20).

  • Content Notes:
    "In 2003, the Wingspread Conference was sponsored by CDC's Division of Adolescent and School Health and the Johnson Foundation to bring together key researchers and representatives from the education and health sectors to assess the state of knowledge about school connectedness and its effect on health and education outcomes. Through an extensive review of research and in-depth discussions, the interdisciplinary group defined school connectedness and identified, in the Wingspread Declaration on School Connections, strategies that schools could implement to increase it. School connectedness was defined as the belief by students that adults in the school care about their learning as well as about them as individuals. Because studies indicate that individual students’ feelings of being connected to school are influenced by their peers as well as by adults, this publication has expanded that definition to include peer influence." - p. 3

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Connectedness: Strategies for Increasing Protective Factors Among Youth. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2009.

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