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Menu of menu of state hospital pneumococcal vaccination laws
  • Published Date:
    November 25, 2015
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-308.03 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    Public Health Law Program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)) ; National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (U.S.) ;
  • Description:
    This menu is one of a series of menus assessing vaccination requirements for patients and healthcare workers in healthcare facilities. Healthcare facilities across the country are increasingly requiring healthcare workers to be vaccinated for certain vaccine-preventable diseases to reduce disease outbreaks. In some instances, facilities are establishing these requirements under mandates set forth by state statutes or regulations. Depending on the vaccination, the legal requirements might apply to either patients, healthcare workers, or both, and can include the following types of provisions:

    • Assessment Requirements (Requiring a healthcare facility to assess a healthcare worker or patient’s immunization status)

    • Administrative Requirements for Offering Vaccination (Requiring a healthcare facility to offer a vaccination to a healthcare worker or patient)

    • Administrative Requirements for Ensuring Vaccination (Requiring a healthcare facility to ensure that a healthcare worker or patient has been vaccinated unless vaccination is specifically exempted or declined)

    Hospital-acquired pneumonia can be a serious condition because many patients in hospitals have compromised immune systems. In addition, the types of “germs” present in the hospital are often more dangerous than those acquired outside of the hospital. This is of particular concern because pneumonia can be spread by healthcare workers passing germs from hands or clothes to other workers or to patients.

    This menu assesses and gives examples of state laws that expressly establish pneumococcal vaccination requirements for hospitals. Although there are no provisions requiring healthcare workers to receive the pneumococcal vaccination, 13 states establish pneumococcal vaccination requirements for patients.

    This menu includes states laws collected from WestlawNext during January 23–27, 2015.


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