Menu of state hospital influenza vaccination laws
Corporate Authors:Public Health Law Program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)) ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.). Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support. ; National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (U.S.)
Description:This menu is one of a series of menus assessing vaccination requirements for patients and healthcare workers in healthcare facilities. Healthcare facilities across the country are increasingly requiring healthcare workers to be vaccinated for certain vaccine-preventable diseases to reduce disease outbreaks. In some instances, facilities are establishing these requirements under mandates set forth by state statutes or regulations. Depending on the vaccination, the legal requirements might apply to either patients, healthcare workers, or both, and can include the following types of provisions:
• Assessment Requirements: Requiring a healthcare facility to assess a healthcare worker or patient’s immunization status
• Administrative Requirements for Offering Vaccination: Requiring a healthcare facility to offer a vaccination to a healthcare worker or patient3
• Administrative Requirements for Ensuring Vaccination: Requiring a healthcare facility to ensure that a healthcare worker or patient has been vaccinated unless vaccination is specifically exempted or declined
• Surgical Mask Requirements: Requiring a healthcare worker to wear a surgical mask during influenza (flu) season if he or she has been exempted from or declined influenza vaccination
Healthcare-associated infections, which can include flu, are “infections that occur during the course of healthcare delivery.” In hospitals and other healthcare settings, flu can be spread by healthcare workers passing germs from hands or clothes to other workers or to patients.
Eighteen states establish flu vaccination requirements for hospital healthcare workers, and 16 states establish requirements for hospital patients. This menu assesses and gives examples of state laws that expressly establish flu vaccination requirements for hospital healthcare workers and patients.
This document was produced in collaboration with CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.
Published November 19, 2015. Updated 2016.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
You May Also Like: