Menu of state healthcare facility varicella vaccination laws
Published Date:April 21, 2016
Description:This menu is one of a series of menus assessing vaccination requirements for patients and healthcare workers in healthcare facilities. To reduce the risk of disease transmission and outbreaks, healthcare facilities across the country are increasingly requiring healthcare workers to be vaccinated for certain vaccine-preventable diseases. In some instances, facilities are establishing these requirements under mandates set forth by state statutes or regulations. Depending on the vaccine, the legal requirements might apply to either patients, healthcare workers, or both, and can include the following types of provisions:
• Assessment Requirements: Requiring a healthcare facility to assess a healthcare worker or patient’s vaccination status
• Administrative Requirements for Offering Vaccination: Requiring a healthcare facility to offer a vaccination to a healthcare worker or patient
• Administrative Requirements for Ensuring Vaccination: Requiring a healthcare facility to ensure that a healthcare worker or patient has been vaccinated, unless vaccination is specifically exempted or declined
Chickenpox, or varicella, is a highly contagious disease that causes rash, itching, fatigue, and fever. It is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and can be serious in certain populations, such as infants, adults, and those with weakened immune systems.6People can demonstrate immunity to chickenpox after receiving the varicella vaccination or through a diagnosis or verification of a history of the disease. In healthcare settings, varicella can be spread through the air and by touch to or from healthcare workers or patients.
This document was developed by Christian Adkins, JD Candidate 2016, University of North Carolina School of Law, Aila Hoss, JD, contractor, Carter Consulting, Inc., and Dawn Pepin, JD, MPH, contractor, Carter Consulting, Inc., with the Public Health Law Program (PHLP) within CDC’s Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support. This document was produced in collaboration with CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.
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