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Higher Perceived Stress Scale scores are associated with higher pain intensity and pain interference levels in Older Adults
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25516031
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4362541
  • Funding:
    TL1 TR001072/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG022374/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    UL1 RR025750/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG039409/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    UL1 TR000086/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    R03 AG045474/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG034119/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    KL2 TR000088/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    U01 OH010411/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    TL1RR000087/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG012101/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG022092/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    KL2TR000088/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    K23 NS047256/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/United States
    UL1 TR001073/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    P01 AG027734/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AG025119/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    U01 OH010412/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    K23 AG030857/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    P01 AG003949/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    T32 GM007288/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States
    P30 CA013330/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
    U01 OH010513/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    UL1TR000086/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Objectives

    To determine the prevalence of bodily pain measures (pain intensity and pain interference) in elderly people and their relationship with perceived stress scale (PSS) scores.

    Design

    Cross-sectional.

    Setting

    Community.

    Participants

    A representative community sample of 578 subjects aged 70 and older.

    Measurements

    The prevalence of pain intensity and pain interference and their relationship with perceived stress scale scores, demographic factors, past medical history, and neuropsychological testing scores were examined. Pain intensity and pain interference were measured by the SF-36 bodily pain questions.

    Results

    The study sample of 578 participants has a mean age of 78.8 years and is 63% female. Bivariate analysis for pain measures showed that higher scores on the perceived stress scale, lower neuropsychological test scores, and medical histories were associated with both pain intensity and interference. Logistic regression showed that higher scores on the perceived stress scale were significantly associated with increased odds of having moderate/severe pain intensity and moderate/severe pain interference (with and without the inclusion of for pain intensity in the models).

    Conclusion

    Higher PSS scores are associated with higher levels of pain intensity and pain interference. In this cross-sectional analysis, directionality cannot be determined. As both perceived stress and pain are potentially modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline and other poor health outcomes, future research should address temporality and the benefits of treatment.