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DISC Predictive Scales (DPS): Factor Structure and Uniform Differential Item Functioning Across Gender and Three Racial/Ethnic Groups for ADHD, Conduct Disorder, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms
  • Published Date:
    Mar 16 2015
  • Source:
    Psychol Assess. 27(4):1324-1336.
Filetype[PDF - 674.68 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25774639
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4942111
  • Funding:
    U19 DP002664/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U19DP002665/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48 DP000056/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48DP000057/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48DP000046/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48 DP000046/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U19 DP002665/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U19DP002663/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    CCU409679/PHS HHS/United States
    U48 DP000057/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    CCU915773/PHS HHS/United States
    U19DP002664/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    CCU609653/PHS HHS/United States
    U19 DP002663/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48DP000056/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    K05 AA021143/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    The factor structure and potential uniform differential item functioning (DIF) among gender and three racial/ethnic groups of adolescents (African American, Latino, White) were evaluated for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom scores of the DISC Predictive Scales (DPS; Leung et al., 2005; Lucas et al., 2001). Primary caregivers reported on DSM-IV ADHD, CD, and ODD symptoms for a probability sample of 4,491 children from three geographical regions who took part in the Healthy Passages study (mean age = 12.60 years, SD = 0.66). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the expected 3-factor structure was tenable for the data. Multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) modeling revealed uniform DIF for three ADHD and 9 ODD item scores, but not for any of the CD item scores. Uniform DIF was observed predominantly as a function of child race/ethnicity, but minimally as a function of child gender. On the positive side, uniform DIF had little impact on latent mean differences of ADHD, CD, and ODD symptomatology among gender and racial/ethnic groups. Implications of the findings for researchers and practitioners are discussed.