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Antiretroviral Stewardship in a Pediatric HIV Clinic: Development, Implementation, and Improved Clinical Outcomes
  • Published Date:
    Jun 2016
  • Source:
    Pediatr Infect Dis J. 35(6):642-648.
Filetype[PDF-1.24 MB]

  • Pubmed ID:
  • Pubmed Central ID:
  • Description:

    Antiretroviral (ARV) management in pediatrics is a challenging process in which multiple barriers to optimal therapy can lead to poor clinical outcomes. In a pediatric HIV clinic, we implemented a systematic ARV stewardship program to evaluate ARV regimens and make recommendations for optimization when indicated.


    A comprehensive assessment tool was used to screen for issues related to genotypic resistance, virologic/immunologic response, drug-drug interactions, side effects, and potential for regimen simplification. The ARV stewardship team (AST) made recommendations to the HIV clinic provider, and followed patients prospectively to assess clinical outcomes at 6 and 12 months.


    The most common interventions made by the AST included regimen optimization in patients on suboptimal regimens based on resistance mutations (35.4%), switching to safer ARVs (33.3%), and averting significant drug-drug interactions (10.4%). In patients anticipated to have a change in viral load (VL) as a result of the AST recommendations, we identified a significant benefit in virologic outcomes at 6 and 12 months when recommendations were implemented within 6 months of ARV review. Patients who had recommendations implemented within 6 months had a 7-fold higher probability of achieving a 0.7 log10 reduction in VL by 6 months, and this benefit remained significant after controlling for adherence [adjusted OR 6.8 (95% CI 1.03-44.9, p <0.05)].


    A systematic ARV stewardship program implemented at a pediatric HIV clinic significantly improved clinical outcomes. ARV stewardship programs can be considered a core strategy for continuous quality improvement in the management of HIV-infected children and adolescents.

  • Document Type:
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  • Funding:
    K23 AI084549/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
    U50 MN000025/MN/OMHHE CDC HHS/United States
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