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Clinical Correlates and Mediators of Self-Concept in Youth with Chronic Tic Disorders
  • Published Date:
    Feb 2016
  • Source:
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 47(1):64-74.

Public Access Version Available on: February 01, 2017 information icon
Please check back on the date listed above.
  • Pubmed ID:
  • Pubmed Central ID:
  • Funding:
    K23 MH001739/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
    R01 MH063914/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
    U01 DD000509/DD/NCBDD CDC HHS/United States
    U01 MH078594/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
    U01DD000509/DD/NCBDD CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
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  • Description:
    This study investigated the clinical correlates and mediators of self-concept in youth with Chronic Tic Disorders (CTD). Ninety-seven youth aged 6-17 (M = 11.1 ± 2.89; 79.4 % male) with CTD were administered the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale, the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale-Second Edition, and self-report and clinician-administered measures assessing behavioral and psychological difficulties and comorbid conditions. Youth with CTD had a slightly below average level of self-concept, with 20 % (n = 19) exhibiting low self-concept. Youth with CTD-only had greater self-concept relative to youth with CTD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (p = 0.04) or CTD, OCD, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined (p = 0.009). Medium-to-large-sized associations were observed between youth's self-concept and clinical characteristics (e.g., severity of ADHD, OCD and depressive symptoms). Youth's self-concept partially mediated the relationship between tic severity and depressive symptom severity, and the interaction between tic impairment and youth's reliance on avoidant coping strategies moderated youth's self-concept. Implications, limitations, and recommendations for future interventions are discussed.

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