Identification of Risk Factors for Chronic Q Fever, the Netherlands
Published Date:Apr 2012
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 18(4):563-570.
Keywords:Acute Q Fever
Area Under Curve
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Cardiac Valvular Surgery
Chronic Q Fever
De Jager-Leclercq MGL
Et Al. Identification Of Risk Factors For Chronic Q Fever
Suggested Citation For This Article: Kampschreur LM
The Netherlands. Emerg Infect Dis [serial On The Internet]. 2012 Apr [date Cited]. Http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1804.111478
Description:Since 2007, the Netherlands has experienced a large Q fever outbreak. To identify and quantify risk factors for development of chronic Q fever after Coxiella burnetii infection, we performed a case-control study. Comorbidity, cardiovascular risk factors, medications, and demographic characteristics from 105 patients with proven (n = 44), probable (n = 28), or possible (n = 33) chronic Q fever were compared with 201 patients who had acute Q fever in 2009 but in whom chronic Q fever did not develop (controls). Independent risk factors for development of proven chronic Q fever were valvular surgery, vascular prosthesis, aneurysm, renal insufficiency, and older age.
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