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Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes as a Risk Factor for End-Stage Renal Disease in Patients With Diabetic Kidney Disease
  • Published Date:
    July 02 2020
  • Source:
    Prev Chronic Dis. 2020; 17
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-506.28 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Prev Chronic Dis
  • Description:

    Compared with the typical onset of type 2 diabetes in middle age or older, type 2 diabetes with early age of onset has a higher risk of diabetes-related complications. It is unclear whether the early age of diabetes diagnosis would affect the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) who are at higher risk of ESRD.


    We enrolled 1,111 type 2 diabetes patients with DKD in this study. We used the age at diabetes diagnosis of younger than 40 years to define early-onset diabetes and 40 years or older to define late-onset diabetes. Medical history, anthropometry, and laboratory indicators were documented. ESRD was defined by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 or dialysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between early-onset diabetes and ESRD.


    Early-onset diabetes patients had a longer diabetes duration, higher body mass index, and worse blood lipid metabolism profile. Compared with late-onset diabetes patients, patients with early-onset diabetes had a prevalence of ESRD that was twofold higher (9.2% vs 4.3%; P = .009). Univariate analysis showed that early-onset diabetes was a risk factor for ESRD in patients with DKD (P < .05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, even after adjusting for sex, traditional metabolic factors, drug factors, and diabetes duration, the risk of ESRD in patients with early-onset diabetes was still 3.58-fold higher than in subjects with late-onset (95% CI, 1.47–8.74; P = .005).


    In patients with DKD, early-onset type 2 diabetes is an independent risk factor of ESRD.

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