Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Male Veterans, U.S., 2009–2012
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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Male Veterans, U.S., 2009–2012

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  • English

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    • Alternative Title:
      Am J Prev Med
    • Description:

      Cardiovascular disease remains an important cause of death in the U.S. where veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces represent a significant segment of the population. Limited national estimates of cardiovascular disease risk factors using physical measurements and reported veteran status in the U.S. civilian population have been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among veteran and non-veteran men in the U.S. civilian population.


      Using data from the 2009–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1,107 veteran and 3,972 non-veteran men were identified for this study (analyzed in 2014–2015). Differences in hypertension, dsylipidemia, diabetes, obesity, and smoking between veterans and non-veterans were compared using chi-square and t-tests. Predicted prevalence from multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for age, race/Hispanic origin, and poverty level were used to assess whether previous military service was associated with having a cardiovascular disease risk factor.


      Veteran men were older than non-veteran men (59.9 years vs 43.4 years) and were more likely to be non-Hispanic white (79.9% vs 65.7%). Adjusted predicted prevalence estimates show that veterans were more likely than non-veterans to be obese (42.6% vs 33.7%, p<0.01). After adjustment for obesity, there was no difference in hypertension, dyslipidemia, diagnosed diabetes, or smoking between veteran and non-veteran men.


      This study identified a segment of the U.S. civilian population—veteran men—who have a higher prevalence for obesity, a risk factor associated with increased risk for other cardiovascular disease risk factors.

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