Applying the ACSM Preparticipation Screening Algorithm to U.S. adults, NHANES 2001—04
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Applying the ACSM Preparticipation Screening Algorithm to U.S. adults, NHANES 2001—04

  • Published Date:

    Oct 2017

  • Source:
    Med Sci Sports Exerc. 49(10):2056-2063
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  • Alternative Title:
    Med Sci Sports Exerc
  • Description:
    PURPOSE: For most people, the benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Research has suggested exercise preparticipation questionnaires might refer an unwarranted number of adults for medical evaluation before exercise initiation, creating a potential barrier to adoption. The new American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) prescreening algorithm relies on current exercise participation; history and symptoms of cardiovascular, metabolic or renal disease; and desired exercise intensity to determine referral status. Our purpose was to compare the referral proportion of the ACSM algorithm to that of previous screening tools using a representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Based on responses to health questionnaires from the 2001–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we calculated the proportion of adults aged 40 years or older who would be referred for medical clearance before exercise participation based on the ACSM algorithm. Results were stratified by age and sex and compared to previous results for the ACSM/American Heart Association Preparticipation Questionnaire and the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. RESULTS: Based on the ACSM algorithm, 2.6% of adults would be referred only before beginning vigorous exercise and 54.2% of respondents would be referred before beginning any exercise. Men were more frequently referred before vigorous exercise and women were more frequently referred before any exercise. Referral was more common with increasing age. The ACSM algorithm referred a smaller proportion of adults for preparticipation medical clearance than the previously examined questionnaires. CONCLUSIONS: Although additional validation is needed to determine if the algorithm correctly identifies those at risk for cardiovascular complications, the revised ACSM algorithm referred fewer respondents than other screening tools. A lower referral proportion may mitigate an important barrier of medical clearance from exercise participation.
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