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Designation of neonatal levels of care: a review of state regulatory and monitoring policies
  • Published Date:
    September 30 2019
  • Source:
    J Perinatol. 40(3):369-376
  • Language:

Public Access Version Available on: March 01, 2021, 12:00 AM information icon
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  • Alternative Title:
    J Perinatol
  • Description:

    Summarize policies on levels of neonatal care designation among 50 states and District of Columbia (DC).

    Study design

    Systematic review of publicly available, web-based information on levels of neonatal care designation policies for each state/DC. Information on designating authorities, designation oversight, licensure requirement, and ongoing monitoring for designated levels of care abstracted from 2019 published rules, statutes, and regulations.


    Thirty-one (61%) of 50 states/DC had designated authority policies for neonatal levels of care. Fourteen (27%) incorporated oversight of neonatal levels of care into the licensure process. Among jurisdictions with designated authority, 25 (81%) used a state agency and 15 (48%) had direct oversight. Twenty-two (71%) of 31 states with a designating authority required ongoing monitoring, 14 (64%) used both hospital reporting and site visits for monitoring with only ten requiring site visits.


    Limited direct oversight influences regulation of regionalized systems, potentially impacting facility service monitoring and consequent management of vulnerable infants.

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