Associations Between Concentrations of Vitamin D and Concentrations of Insulin, Glucose, and HbA1c Among Adolescents in the United States
Published Date:Jan 27 2011
Source:Diabetes Care. 34(3):646-648.
Our objective was to examine the associations between concentrations of vitamin D and concentrations of insulin, glucose, and HbA1c in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in the U.S.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
We used data for 1,941 adolescents, aged 12–17 years, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2001 and 2006.
Adjusted concentrations of insulin were ~24% lower among male subjects with a concentration of vitamin D ≥75 nmol/L than among male subjects with a concentration of vitamin D <50 nmol/L (P = 0.003). Concentrations of vitamin D were inversely associated with concentrations of glucose only among Mexican American male subjects (P = 0.007). No significant associations between concentrations of vitamin D and HbA1c were detected.
Our results support an inverse association between concentrations of vitamin D and insulin primarily in adolescent male subjects.
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