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Service provision, hospitalizations, and chronic conditions in adult day services centers : findings from the 2016 National Study of Long-Term Care Providers
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    Introduction—This report presents the most recent nationally representative percentages of adult day services centers (ADSCs) with hospitalizations and chronic conditions by service provision. Service provision may further one or two

    of the primary goals of adult day services: to reduce the risk of hospitalizations and

    readmissions, and manage chronic conditions among their participants.

    Methods—Estimates are from the 2016 Adult Day Services Center survey in the biennial National Study of Long-Term Care Providers conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. Service provision was measured using scales that included five types of services: mental health, social work, therapeutic (physical, speech, or occupational), dietary and nutritional, and skilled nursing. Provision methods included by employees only or a mix of employees, arrangement, or referrals; by arrangement or referrals; and not provided. The percentage of ADSCs with hospitalizations was measured by having at least one participant discharged from an overnight hospital stay in the past 90 days. The number of chronic conditions included the four most prevalent types of chronic conditions reported by ADSCs (Alzheimer disease and other dementias, diabetes, depression, and heart disease). Analyses included univariate and bivariate statistics showing the percentages of ADSCs with hospitalizations and chronic conditions by service provision.

    Results—Although a little more than one-half of ADSCs (52.6%) provided all five services, approximately one-tenth of ADSCs provided none of the five services. About 64.0% of ADSCs had hospitalizations among participants. Almost 7 in 10 ADSCs (69.2%) reported the prevalence of all 4 conditions in their center. Approximately three-fourths (74.3%) of ADSCs that provided all five services had hospitalizations among participants compared with almost one-third of ADSCs (31.5%) that provided none of the services. Almost 83.0% of ADSCs that provided all five services had all four conditions in their center, compared with approximately one-third (31.5%) of ADSCs that provided none of the five services.

    Suggested citation: Caffrey C, Lendon JP. Service provision, hospitalizations, and chronic conditions in adult day services centers: Findings from the 2016 National Study of Long-Term Care Providers. National Health Statistics Reports; no 124. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2019.

    CS303367

    nhsr124-508.pdf

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