Trajectory of Excess Medical Expenditures 10 Years Before and After Diabetes Diagnosis Among U.S. Adults Aged 25–64 Years, 2001–2013
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Trajectory of Excess Medical Expenditures 10 Years Before and After Diabetes Diagnosis Among U.S. Adults Aged 25–64 Years, 2001–2013

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  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      Diabetes Care
    • Description:
      OBJECTIVE We assessed the excess medical expenditures for adults newly diagnosed with diabetes, for up to 10 years before and after diabetes diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using the 2001–2013 MarketScan data, we identified people with newly diagnosed diabetes among adults aged 25–64 years (diabetes cohort) and matched them with people who did not have diagnosed diabetes (control cohort) using 1:1 propensity score matching. We followed these two cohorts up to 610 years from the index date, with annual matched cohort sizes ranging from 3,922 to 39,726 individuals. We estimated the yearly and cumulative excess medical expenditures of the diabetes cohorts before and after the diagnosis of diabetes. RESULTS The per capita annual total excess medical expenditure for the diabetes cohort was higher for the entire 10 years prior to their index date, ranging between $1,043 in year 210 and $4,492 in year 21. Excess expenditure spiked in year 1 ($8,109), declined in year 2, and then increased steadily, ranging from $4,261 to $6,162 in years 2–10. The cumulative excess expenditure for the diabetes cohort during the entire 20 years of follow-up was $69,177 ($18,732 before and $50,445 after diagnosis). CONCLUSIONS People diagnosed with diabetes had higher medical expenditures compared with their counterparts, not only after diagnosis but also up to 10 years prior to diagnosis. Managing risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease before diagnosis, and for diabetes-related complications after diagnosis, could alleviate medical expenditure in people with diabetes.
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