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The Incidence and Prevalence of Adult Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome in New York County
  • Published Date:
    Jul 25 2018
  • Source:
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken).
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Public Access Version Available on: January 25, 2020 information icon
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  • Description:

    Extant epidemiologic data of primary Sjögren’s Syndrome (pSS) remains limited, particularly for racial/ethnic populations in the United States (US). The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP), a population-based retrospective registry of cases with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and related diseases including pSS in Manhattan, was used to provide estimates of the incidence and prevalence of pSS across major racial/ethnic populations.


    MLSP cases were identified from hospitals, rheumatologists, and population databases. Three case definitions were used for pSS: physician diagnosis, rheumatologist diagnosis, and modified pSS criteria. Rates among Manhattan residents were age-adjusted, and capture-recapture analyses were conducted to assess case under-ascertainment.


    By physician diagnosis, age-adjusted overall incidence and prevalence rates of pSS among adult Manhattan residents were 3.5 and 13.1 per 100,000 person-years. Capture-recapture adjustment increased incidence and prevalence rates (4.1 and 14.2). Based on physician diagnosis, incidence and prevalence rates were approximately 6 times higher among women than men (p<0.01). Incidence of pSS was statistically higher among non-Latina Asian (10.5) and non-Latina White women (6.2) compared with Latina women (3.2). Incidence was also higher among non-Latina Asian women compared with non-Latina Black women (3.3). Prevalence of pSS did not differ by race/ethnicity. Similar trends were observed when more restrictive case definitions were applied.


    Data from the MLSP revealed disparities in pSS incidence and prevalence by sex among Manhattan residents and differences in pSS incidence by race/ethnicity among women. These data also provided epidemiologic estimates for the major racial/ethnic populations in the US.

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