Maternal occupation and industry and the pregnancy outcome of U.S. married women, 1980.
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Maternal occupation and industry and the pregnancy outcome of U.S. married women, 1980.
  • Published Date:

    1984 Mar-Apr

  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 99(2):152-161
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Filetype[PDF-1.67 MB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Description:
    Data from the 1980 National Natality and National Fetal Mortality Surveys were used to characterize the occupations of women during the year before delivery; to search for disproportionate numbers of adverse pregnancy outcomes in specific occupational groups; and to compare demographic, reproductive, and lifestyle characteristics of employed mothers to those of mothers not employed in the year before delivery. National estimates were derived from the sample through a complex poststratified ratio adjustment procedure. For all pregnancy outcome groups, the greatest proportion of mothers were employed in three industry categories: professional and related services, wholesale and retail trade, and manufacturing; and in four occupation categories: clerical and kindred workers; professional, technical, and kindred workers; service workers; and operatives. Compared with employed mothers of live-born infants, a greater proportion of employed mothers of low birth weight infants worked full-time but stopped working before the third trimester. Compared with unemployed mothers, a larger proportion of employed mothers were between 20-29 years old, college educated, had a total family income of $21,000 or more per year, received early prenatal care, had no previous pregnancy, and drank alcohol during pregnancy. Estimates from this study may be used to (a) provide a better perspective of the magnitude of reproductive health problems, (b) target certain industrial populations for further research, and (c) assist in identifying causes of reproductive failure.
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