Trauma among American Indians in an urban county.
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Trauma among American Indians in an urban county.

  • Published Date:

    1996 Jul-Aug

  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 111(4):321-327
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-1.52 MB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Description:
    To describe severe injury among American Indians in a large metropolitan county given that most previous studies of the high Indian injury morbidity and mortality rates have been conducted primarily in rural areas.|A retrospective analysis of a hospital trauma registry was conducted for the years 1986-92 at the Harborview Medical Center, the only Level I trauma center in King County, Washington, metropolitan county with the seventh largest number of urban American Indians in the United States.|Of 14,851 King County residents included in the registry, 593 (4%) were classified as American Indian. With King County whites as the reference, the age-standardized incidence ratio for inclusion of American Indians in the registry was 4.4 (95% confidence interval 4.1, 4.8). The standardized incidence ratios and proportional incidence ratios showed significant differences in mechanism and whether it was intentional or unintentional among Indians compared with whites. Hospitalizations for stab wounds, bites, and other blunt trauma were all significantly more frequent among Indians. Trauma admissions among Indians were disproportionately associated with assaults. A high proportion (72.3%) of American Indians tested had blood alcohol levels exceeding 0.1%.|Urban American Indians experience high rates of trauma, differing from those among whites. Efforts to reduce injury in urban areas should include collaboration with representative urban American Indian organizations.
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