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Factors influencing early prenatal enrollment in the WIC program.
  • Published Date:
    1989 May-Jun
  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 104(3):301-306
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-1.22 MB]


Details:
  • Personal Authors:
  • Pubmed ID:
    2498982
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMCnull
  • Description:
    Women's access to prenatal nutrition services was explored using a nationally representative sample of pregnant participants in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in 1984. The probability was examined of the participant entering the program during her first trimester, rather than the second or third trimester. Other research has suggested that length of participation in the program during pregnancy is associated with increased birth weight. The data were adjusted for various personal and local operational factors, such as prior WIC participation, race, age, income, household size, WIC priority level, availability of prenatal or other health services, targeted outreach policies, years of local operation, and local agency size. Previous participation in the WIC Program was the only factor significantly associated with early enrollment (adjusted odds ratio 2.1). Race was marginally significant. Neither the presence of local policies of outreach targeted to pregnant women, nor co-location of WIC services with prenatal or other health services, showed significant effects on early enrollment.

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