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Foodborne & waterborne disease outbreaks annual summary 1973
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    The reporting of foodborne and waterborne diseases in the United States began about 50 years ago when state and territorial health officers , concerned about the high morbidity and mortality caused by typhoid fever and Infantile diarrhea, recommended that cases of enteric fever be investigated and reported. Their purpose was to obtain information about the role of food, milk, and water in outbreaks of intestinal illness as the basis for sound public health action. Beginning in 1923, the United States Public Health Service published summaries of outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness attributed to milk. In 1938 reports of outbreaks caused by all foods were added to these summaries. These early surveillance efforts led to the enactment of important public health measures which had a profound influence in decreasing the incidence of enteric diseases, particularly those transmitted by milk and water.

    From 1951 through 1960, reported outbreaks of foodborne illness were reviewed and published annually in Public Health Reports by the National Office of Vital Statistics. In 1961, responsibility for reporting was transferred to the Communicable Disease Center (CDC). From 1961 to 1966, the publishing of annual reviews was discontinued, but pertinent statistic's and detailed individual investigations were reported in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

    The present system of surveillance of foodborne and waterborne diseases began in 1966 with the incorporation of all reports of enteric disease outbreaks attributed to microbial or chemical contamination of food or liquid vehicles into an annual summary. Since 1966, the quality of investigative reports has improved primarily as a result of more active participation by state and federal agencies in the investigation of foodborne and waterborne outbreaks. In this report data from foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks reported to CDC in 1973 are summarized.

    SUGGESTED CITATION: Center for Disease Control: Foodborne and Waterborne Disease Outbreaks. Annual Summary 1973. Issued December 1974

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