Heat-related illnesses
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Heat-related illnesses
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    Heat Stroke WHAT TO LOOK FOR • High body temperature (103°F or higher) • Hot, red, dry, or damp skin • Fast, strong pulse • Headache • Dizziness • Nausea • Confusion • Losing consciousness (passing out) WHAT TO DO • Call 911 right away-heat stroke is a medical emergency • Move the person to a cooler place • Help lower the person’s temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath • Do not give the person anything to drink Heat Exhaustion WHAT TO LOOK FOR • Heavy sweating • Cold, pale, and clammy skin • Fast, weak pulse • Nausea or vomiting • Muscle cramps • Tiredness or weakness • Dizziness • Headache • Fainting (passing out) WHAT TO DO • Move to a cool place • Loosen your clothes • Put cool, wet cloths on your body or take a cool bath • Sip water • Get medical help right away if: • You are throwing up • Your symptoms get worse • Your symptoms last longer than 1 hour Heat Cramps WHAT TO LOOK FOR • Heavy sweating during intense exercise • Muscle pain or spasms WHAT TO DO • Stop physical activity and move to a cool place • Drink water or a sports drink • Wait for cramps to go away before you do any more physical activity • Get medical help right away if: • Cramps last longer than 1 hour • You’re on a low-sodium diet • You have heart problems Sunburn WHAT TO LOOK FOR • Painful, red, and warm skin • Blisters on the skin WHAT TO DO • Stay out of the sun until your sunburn heals • Put cool cloths on sunburned areas or take a cool bath • Put moisturizing lotion on sunburned areas • Do not break blisters Heat Rash WHAT TO LOOK FOR • Red clusters of small blisters that look like pimples on the skin (usually on the neck, chest, groin, or in elbow creases) WHAT TO DO • Stay in a cool, dry place • Keep the rash dry • Use powder (like baby powder) to soothe the rash CS280226 Heat_Related_Illness.pdf
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