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When Should “Pre” Carry as Much Weight in the Diabetes Comorbidity Debate? Insights From a Population-Based Survey
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    29565786
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5871353
  • Description:
    Introduction

    Estimates indicate that 86 million people in the United States fit the clinical definition of prediabetes, which contributes to the epidemic of nearly 2 million new diagnoses of type 2 diabetes mellitus each year. Effort has focused on preventing prediabetes from progressing to clinical diabetes. We investigated the sociodemographic, behavioral, and health factors in people diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes and associated leading indicators and comorbidities.

    Methods

    We used Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 2011 through 2015 (N = 1,699,754). All respondents aged 18 years or older with complete covariate data were included, differentiating between self-reported diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes. Weighted univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses of 28 variables were developed, with adjusted odds of diagnosis, and standardized coefficients were calculated to rank predictors for diabetes and prediabetes.

    Results

    Prevalence of prediabetes increased each year between 2011 and 2014. After adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, and health variables, the most significant predictors in magnitude of importance for prediabetes and diabetes were age and body mass index. Although adjusted odds for cardiovascular disease and kidney disease were higher in respondents with diabetes than in those with prediabetes, respondents with prediabetes had higher adjusted odds of arthritis, depressive disorder, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Conclusions

    Concurrent chronic diseases occur in people with prediabetes even at normal and overweight classifications. By identifying the conditions that are concomitant with diabetes, people with prediabetes can be provided with more rigorous and individualized treatments that can lead to better population health.

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