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Reaction products of hexamethylene diisocyanate vapors with “self” molecules in the airways of rabbits exposed via tracheostomy
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    1. Hexamethylenediisocyanate (HDI) is a widely used aliphatic diisocyanate and a well-recognized cause of occupational asthma. 2. "Self" molecules (peptides/proteins) in the lower airways, susceptible to chemical reactivity with HDI, have been hypothesized to play a role in asthma pathogenesis and/or chemical metabolism, but remain poorly characterized. 3. This study employed unique approaches to identify and characterize "self" targets of HDI reactivity in the lower airways. Anesthetized rabbits free breathed through a tracheostomy tube connected to chambers containing either, O|, or O| plus ∼200 ppb HDI vapors. Following 60 minutes of exposure, the airways were lavaged and the fluid was analyzed by LC-MS and LC-MS/MS. 4. The low-molecular weight (<3 kDa) fraction of HDI exposed, but not control rabbit bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid identified 783.26 and 476.18 m/z [M+H]| ions with high energy collision-induced dissociation (HCD) fragmentation patterns consistent with bis glutathione (GSH)-HDI and mono(GSH)-HDI. Proteomic analyses of the high molecular weight (>3 kDa) fraction of exposed rabbit BAL fluid identified HDI modification of specific lysines in uteroglobin (aka clara cell protein) and albumin. 5. In summary, this study utilized a unique approach to chemical vapor exposure in rabbits, to identify HDI reaction products with "self" molecules in the lower airways.
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