Young worker injury deaths : a historical summary of surveillance and investigative findings
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Young worker injury deaths : a historical summary of surveillance and investigative findings

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      "Youth deserve a safe introduction into the working world, but evidence suggests that young workers are at increased risk for work-related fatalities and injuries. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) plays a lead role in advancing workplace safety for young workers through surveillance efforts, fatality investigations, risk factor research, curriculum development, intervention evaluations, and training and education. This document focuses on the surveillance and investigation efforts, providing a historical summary of NIOSH findings related to fatal injuries incurred by workers who are under the age of 18 years. The document begins with summaries of data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries of young worker fatalities that occurred between 1994 and 2013. The findings are presented by demographic characteristics, employer characteristics, incident circumstances, and temporal patterns. This section concludes with detailed surveillance findings for four selected industries, focusing on two that commonly employ youth—services and retail trade—and two known to have higher risks—construction and agriculture production. Next, the document summarizes case information from investigations of young worker fatalities that occurred between 1982 and 2010. In addition to presentations similar to those in the surveillance section, this section includes findings related to regulatory coverage of the employer, employer compliance with regulations on work time and work hours, and employer compliance with work task regulations. As with the surveillance section, this section ends with detailed investigative findings for four selected industries: agriculture production, services, construction, and retail trade. The surveillance data allow for a high-level assessment of the issues but lack the specificity needed to get to the root causes of these issues. The investigative data provide a richness of detail not available from the surveillance data, but they cannot be used to make generalizations about the population being studied. Collectively, though, findings from the two sets of data provide insight for identifying issues affecting youth in the workplace, recommending prevention measures, and assessing the effectiveness of child labor laws. The document concludes with a section discussing general strategies for injury prevention among young workers, including roles for employers, parents, youth, educators, researchers, and federal and state agencies." - NIOSHTIC-2

      NIOSHTIC no. 20050003

      Suggested citation: NIOSH [2017]. Young worker injury deaths: a historical summary of surveillance and investigative findings. By Perritt KR, Hendricks KJ, Goldcamp EM. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2017-168.

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