The NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program (revised)
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The NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program (revised)

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  • English

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      The United States currently depends on approximately 1.1 million fire fighters to save lives and property from losses caused by fire. Of these fire fighters, approximately 300,000 are career and 800,000 are volunteers. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and the U.S. Fire Administration estimate that approximately 80 to 100 fire fighters die in the line-of-duty each year. In 1998, Congress recognized the need to better address the continuing national problem of fire fighter deaths and funded the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to implement a fire fighter safety initiative. With fire service stakeholder input, we developed the Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program. The NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program (FFFIPP) conducts independent investigations of select fire fighter line-of-duty deaths. We do this to provide recommendations to prevent deaths and injuries. The FFFIPP is a public health practice investigation program in keeping with the public health mission of NIOSH. We do not conduct our investigations to enforce compliance with state or federal job safety and health standards. We also do not determine fault or place blame on fire departments or individual fire fighters. Our program's goal is to learn from these tragic events and prevent similar events. We do not investigate every fire fighter death. We have investigated approximately 40% of fire fighter deaths since the program's start in 1998. We prioritize fatality investigations using a decision flow chart, which is available on the FFFIPP website. Investigation priorities may change based on the ongoing review of fatality data on leading risks to fire fighters and on input from fire service stakeholders. Program Objectives: 1. Better identify and define the characteristics of line-of-duty deaths among fire fighters. 2. Recommend ways to prevent deaths and injuries. 3. Disseminate prevention strategies to the fire service.

      NIOSHTIC no. 20049657

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