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Sociodemographic and Geographic Predictors of Quality of Care in United States Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease Due to Lupus Nephritis
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    To describe end-stage renal disease (ESRD) quality of care (receipt of pre-ESRD nephrology care, access to kidney transplantation, and placement of permanent vascular access for dialysis) in US patients with ESRD due to lupus nephritis (LN-ESRD) and to examine whether quality measures differ by patient sociodemographic characteristics or US region.


    National surveillance data on patients in the US in whom treatment for LN-ESRD was initiated between July 2005 and September 2011 (n = 6,594) were analyzed. Odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were determined for each quality measure, according to sociodemographic factors and US region.


    Overall, 71% of the patients received nephrology care prior to ESRD. Black and Hispanic patients were less likely than white patients to receive pre-ESRD care (OR 0.73 [95% CI 0.63–0.85] and OR 0.73 [95% CI 0.60–0.88], respectively) and to be placed on the kidney transplant waitlist within the first year after the start of ESRD (HR 0.78 [95% CI 0.68–0.91] and HR 0.82 [95% CI 0.68–0.98], respectively). Those with Medicaid (HR 0.51 [95% CI 0.44–0.58]) or no insurance (HR 0.36 [95% CI 0.29–0.44]) were less likely than those with private insurance to be placed on the waitlist. Only 24% had a permanent vascular access, and placement was even less likely among the uninsured (OR 0.62 [95% CI 0.49–0.79]). ESRD quality-of-care measures varied 2–3-fold across regions of the US, with patients in the Northeast and Northwest generally having higher probabilities of adequate care.


    LN-ESRD patients have suboptimal ESRD care, particularly with regard to placement of dialysis vascular access. Minority race/ethnicity and lack of private insurance are associated with inadequate ESRD care. Further studies are warranted to examine multilevel barriers to, and develop targeted interventions to improve delivery of, care among patients with LN-ESRD.

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  • Funding:
    KL2-TR-000455/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AR065493/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
    KL2 TR000455/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    K01 HD074726/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
    R01-AR-065493/AR/NIAMS NIH HHS/United States
    R24 MD008077/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
    K01-HD-074726/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
    U01-DP-005119/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    ULL-TR-000454/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    UL1 TR000454/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
    1R24-MD-008077-01/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
    U01 DP005119/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
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