Oral Cholera Vaccine Coverage during an Outbreak and Humanitarian Crisis, Iraq, 2015
Published Date:Jan 2017
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 23(1):38-45.
Internally Displaced Persons
Internally Displaced Persons Camps
Internally Displaced Persons Collective Centers
Oral Cholera Vaccine
Oral Cholera Vaccine Coverage During An Outbreak And Humanitarian Crisis, Iraq, 2015
Pubmed Central ID:PMC5176248
Description:During November-December 2015, as part of the 2015 cholera outbreak response in Iraq, the Iraqi Ministry of Health targeted ≈255,000 displaced persons >1 year of age with 2 doses of oral cholera vaccine (OCV). All persons who received vaccines were living in selected refugee camps, internally displaced persons camps, and collective centers. We conducted a multistage cluster survey to obtain OCV coverage estimates in 10 governorates that were targeted during the campaign. In total, 1,226 household and 5,007 individual interviews were conducted. Overall, 2-dose OCV coverage in the targeted camps was 87% (95% CI 85%-89%). Two-dose OCV coverage in the 3 northern governorates (91%; 95% CI 87%-94%) was higher than that in the 7 southern and central governorates (80%; 95% CI 77%-82%). The experience in Iraq demonstrates that OCV campaigns can be successfully implemented as part of a comprehensive response to cholera outbreaks among high-risk populations in conflict settings.
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