The Neighborhood Alcohol Environment and At-Risk Drinking among African Americans
Published Date:Feb 15 2011
Source:Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 35(5):996-1003.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3083455
Funding:P60 AA009803/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
RC1 AA019329-01/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
3P50 AA09803-08S1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
K01 SH000002/SH/NCHS CDC HHS/United States
1K01SH000002-01/PHS HHS/United States
RC1 AA019329/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
AA009803-08S1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
P50 AA009803-08S1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
R01 CA157565/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
P50 AA009803/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS/United States
AA019329-01/RC/CCR NIH HHS/United States
Our objective was to examine whether components of the neighborhood alcohol environment—liquor store, on-premise outlet, convenience store, and supermarket densities—are positively associated with at-risk alcohol consumption among African American drinkers.
Multilevel cross-sectional sample of 321 African American women and men ages 21 to 65 years recruited from April 2002 to May 2003 from three community-based healthcare clinics in New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
The alcohol environment had a significant impact on at-risk alcohol consumption among African American drinkers, specifically liquor store density (adjusted OR = 3.11, 95% CI = 1.87, 11.07). Furthermore, the influence of the alcohol environment was much stronger for African American female drinkers (adjusted OR = 6.96, 95% CI = 1.38, 35.08).
Treatment and prevention programs should take into account the physical environment, and the concentration of outlets in minority neighborhoods must be addressed as it poses potential health risks to the residents of these neighborhoods.
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