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Individual and Work Factors Related to Perceived Work Ability and Labor Force Outcomes
  • Published Date:
    Oct 13 2014
  • Source:
    J Appl Psychol. 100(2):376-398.
Filetype[PDF - 1.65 MB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25314364
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4879965
  • Description:
    Perceived work ability refers to a worker's assessment of his or her ability to continue working in his or her job, given characteristics of the job along with his or her resources. Perceived work ability is a critical variable to study in the United States, given an aging workforce, trends to delay retirement, and U.S. policy considerations to delay the age at which full Social Security retirement benefits may be obtained. Based on the job demands-resources model, cognitive appraisal theory of stress, and push/pull factors related to retirement, we proposed and tested a conceptual model of antecedents and outcomes of perceived work ability using 3 independent samples of U.S. working adults. Data regarding workers' job characteristics were from self-report and Occupational Information Network measures. Results from relative importance analysis indicated that health and sense of control were consistently and most strongly related to work ability perceptions relative to other job demands and job and personal resources when perceived work ability was measured concurrently or 2 weeks later in samples with varying occupations. Job demands (along with health and sense of control) were most strongly related to work ability perceptions when perceived work ability was measured in a manufacturing worker sample 1.6 years later. Perceived work ability also predicted lagged labor force outcomes (absence, retirement, and disability leave) while controlling for other known predictors of each. Consistent indirect effects were observed from health status and sense of control to all 3 of these outcomes via perceived work ability.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    CDC-NIOSH 254-2010-M-37002/PHS HHS/United States
    P30 AG012846/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    P30 AG12846/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    R01 OH OH008929/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    U01 AG009740/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
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