Evidence-based public health practice among program managers in local public health departments
Published Date:2014 Sep-Oct
Source:J Public Health Manag Pract. 20(5):472-480.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4703040
Funding:U48 DP001903/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U48/DP001903/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
We assessed the use of administrative-evidence based practices (A-EBPs) among managers of programs in chronic diseases (CD), environmental health (EH), and infectious diseases (ID) from a sample of local health departments (LHDs) in the U.S.
Program managers completed a survey consisting of six sections (biographical data, use of A-EBPs, diffusion attributes, use of resources, and barriers to, and competencies in, evidence-based public health (EBPH)) with a total of 66 questions.
The survey was sent electronically to 168 program managers in CD, 179 in EH, and 175 in ID, representing 228 LHDs. The survey had previously been completed by 517 LHD Directors.
The use of A-EBPs was scored for 19 individual A-EBPs, across the five A-EBP domains, and for all domains combined. Individual characteristics were derived from the survey responses, with additional data on LHDs drawn from linked NACCHO Profile survey data. Results for program managers were compared across the three types of programs and to responses from the previous survey of LHD directors. The scores were ordered and categorized into tertiles. Unconditional logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), comparing individual and agency characteristics for those with the highest third of A-EBPs scores to those with the lowest third.
The 332 total responses from program managers represented 196 individual LHDs. Program managers differed (across the three programs, and compared to LHD Directors) in demographic characteristics, education, and experience. The use of A-EBPs varied widely across specific practices and individuals, but the pattern of responses from directors and program managers was very similar for the majority of A-EBPs.
Understanding the differences in educational background, experience, organizational culture, and performance of A-EBPs between program managers and LHD directors is a necessary step to improving competencies in EBPH.
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