Production of a Sindbis/Eastern Equine Encephalitis Chimeric Virus Inactivated Cell Culture Antigen
Published Date:Jul 20 2015
Source:J Virol Methods. 223:19-24.
Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Immunoglobulin M Antibody-capture Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (MAC-ELISA)
Sindbis/Eastern Equine Encephalitis Chimeric Virus
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4624339
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
Description:Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus (EEEV) is a medically important pathogen that can cause severe encephalitis in humans, with mortality rates ranging from 30 to 80%. Unfortunately there are no antivirals or licensed vaccines available for human use, and laboratory diagnosis is essential to differentiate EEEV infection from other pathogens with similar clinical manifestations. The Arboviral Diseases Branch (ADB) reference laboratory at the CDC Division of Vector-Borne Diseases (DVBD) produces reference antigens used in serological assays such as the EEEV immunoglobulin M antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA). However, EEEV is classified as a HHS select agent and requires biosafety level (BSL) three containment, limiting EEEV antigen production in non-select agent and BSL-2 laboratories. A recombinant Sindbis virus (SINV)/EEEV has been constructed for use under BSL-2 conditions and is not regulated as a select agent. Cell culture production of inactivated EEEV antigen from SINV/EEEV for use in the EEEV MAC-ELISA is reported here. Cell culture conditions and inactivation procedures were analyzed for SINV/EEEV using a recently developed antigen production algorithm, with the MAC-ELISA as the performance indicator.
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