Effect of time at temperature on wild poliovirus titers in stool specimens
Published Date:Mar 30 2015
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4620922
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
The effect of transport temperature on the viability of poliovirus in stool specimens from paralyzed cases has not been tested. Quality assurance of programmatic indicators will be necessary in the final phase of polio eradication.
To estimate the effect of time at elevated temperatures on wild poliovirus titers in stool specimens.
We exposed aliquots of pooled wild poliovirus type 1 specimens to elevated temperatures (27 °C, 31 °C, and 35 °C) for varying time periods up to 14 days. We determined the virus titer of these aliquots and created decay curves at each temperature to estimate the relationship between time at temperature and virus titer.
We found significantly different slopes of decay at each temperature. The negative slopes increased as the temperature increased.
While poliovirus in stool remains relatively stable at moderately elevated temperature, transport at higher temperatures could impact sample integrity and virus isolation results.
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