Lung function, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and mortality in US adults
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Lung function, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and mortality in US adults

  • Aug 13 2014

  • Source: Eur J Clin Nutr. 69(5):572-578.
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  • English

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      Eur J Clin Nutr
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      OBJECTIVE To explore the associations between serum concentrations of vitamin D (25(OH)D) and all-cause mortality among US adults defined by lung function (LF) status, particularly among adults with obstructive LF (OLF). METHODS Data from 10 795 adults aged 20–79 years (685 with restrictive LF (RLF) and 1309 with OLF) who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988–1994), had a spirometric examination, and were followed through 2006 were included. RESULTS During 14.2 years of follow-up, 1792 participants died. Mean adjusted concentrations of 25(OH)D were 75.0 nmol/l (s.e. 0.7) for adults with normal LF (NLF), 70.4 nmol/l (s.e. 1.8) for adults with RLF, 75.5 nmol/l (s.e. 1.5) for adults with mild obstruction and 71.0 nmol/l (s.e. 1.9) among adults with moderate or worse obstruction (P = 0.030). After adjustment for sociodemographic factors, lifestyle factors, clinical variables and prevalent chronic conditions, a concentration of <25 nmol/l compared with ≥75 nmol//l was associated with mortality only among adults with NLF (hazard ratio (HR) 1.76; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03, 3.00). Among participants with OLF, adjusted HRs were 0.65 (95% CI 0.29, 1.48), 1.21 (95% CI 0.89, 1.66) and 0.97 (95% CI 0.78, 1.19) among those with concentrations <25, 25–<50 and 50–<75 nmol/l, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Baseline concentrations of 25(OH)D did not significantly predict mortality among US adults with impaired LF.
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