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Respiratory Diseases Caused by Coal Mine Dust
Filetype[PDF - 422.33 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25285970
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4556416
  • Funding:
    KLB9/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Objective

    To provide an update on respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust.

    Methods

    This article presents the results of a literature review initially performed for an International Conference on Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease held in summer 2013.

    Results

    Coal mine dust causes a spectrum of lung diseases collectively termed coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD). These include Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, dust-related diffuse fibrosis (which can be mistaken for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CMDLD continues to be a problem in the United States, particularly in the central Appalachian region. Treatment of CMDLD is symptomatic. Those with end-stage disease are candidates for lung transplantation. Because CMDLD cannot be cured, prevention is critical.

    Conclusions

    Coal mine dust remains a relevant occupational hazard and miners remain at risk for CMDLD.