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Respiratory Diseases Caused by Coal Mine Dust
Filetype[PDF - 422.33 KB]

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    KLB9/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
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  • Description:

    To provide an update on respiratory diseases caused by coal mine dust.


    This article presents the results of a literature review initially performed for an International Conference on Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease held in summer 2013.


    Coal mine dust causes a spectrum of lung diseases collectively termed coal mine dust lung disease (CMDLD). These include Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis, silicosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, dust-related diffuse fibrosis (which can be mistaken for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CMDLD continues to be a problem in the United States, particularly in the central Appalachian region. Treatment of CMDLD is symptomatic. Those with end-stage disease are candidates for lung transplantation. Because CMDLD cannot be cured, prevention is critical.


    Coal mine dust remains a relevant occupational hazard and miners remain at risk for CMDLD.