Results From an Intervention to Improve Rural Home Food and Physical Activity Environments
Source:Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2012; 6(3):265-277.
Body Mass Index
Community-Based Participatory Research
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3630069
Funding:5U48DP001909/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
DP000043-01/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U48 DP000043/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
Ecological models of healthy eating and physical activity emphasize the influence of behavioral settings such as homes and worksites in shaping behavior. Research on home environments suggests that both social and physical aspects of the home may impact physical activity and healthy eating.
Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, the Emory Prevention Research Center (EPRC), Cancer Coalition of South Georgia, and the EPRC’s Community Advisory Board (CAB) designed and tested a coach-based intervention to make the home environment more supportive of healthy eating and physical activity for rural adults.
The 6-week intervention consisted of a tailored home environment profile, goal-setting, and behavioral contracting delivered through two home visits and two telephone calls. The study used a quasi-experimental design with data collected via telephone interviews at baseline, 2 and 4 months post-baseline. Ninety households (n = 90) completed all three telephone interviews.
Multilevel models indicated that intervention households reported significant improvements in household food inventories, purchasing of fruit and vegetables, healthier meal preparation, meals with the TV off, and family support for healthy eating, relative to comparison households. Intervention households also reported increased exercise equipment and family support for physical activity relative to comparison households. Percent of fat intake decreased significantly, but no changes were observed for fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, or weight among intervention relative to comparison households, although trends were generally in a positive direction.
Coaching combined with a focus on the home environment may be a promising strategy for weight gain prevention in adults.
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