Sodium Intake in a Cross-Sectional, Representative Sample of New York City Adults
Published Date:Jan 16 2014
Source:Am J Public Health. 104(12):2409-2416.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4232161
Funding:P30 MH090322/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States
P60 MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
U38 HM000449/HM/NCHM CDC HHS/United States
5U38HM000449-02/HM/NCHM CDC HHS/United States
We estimated sodium intake, which is associated with elevated blood pressure, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and assessed its association with related variables among New York City adults.
In 2010 we conducted a cross-sectional, population-based survey of 1656 adults, the Heart Follow-Up Study, that collected self-reported health information, measured blood pressure, and obtained sodium, potassium, and creatinine values from 24-hour urine collections.
Mean daily sodium intake was 3239 milligrams per day; 81% of participants exceeded their recommended limit. Sodium intake was higher in non-Hispanic Blacks (3477 mg/d) and Hispanics (3395 mg/d) than in non-Hispanic Whites (3066 mg/d; both P < .05). Higher sodium intake was associated with higher blood pressure in adjusted models, and this association varied by race/ ethnicity.
Higher sodium intake among non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics than among Whites was not previously documented in population surveys relying on self-report. These results demonstrate the feasibility of 24-hour urine collection for the purposes of research, surveillance, and program evaluation.
application/msword application/octet-stream image/gif image/jpeg
You May Also Like: