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Tracking the sources of blood meals of parasitic arthropods using shotgun proteomics and unidentified tandem mass spectral libraries
  • Published Date:
    Mar 13 2014
  • Source:
    Nat Protoc. 2014; 9(4):842-850.
Filetype[PDF - 1.57 MB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    24625782
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4179104
  • Funding:
    AI076342/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AI076342/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
    R01 AI097137/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
    U01CK000170/CK/NCEZID CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Identifying the species on which hematophagous arthropods feed is crucial for studying the factors that affect pathogen distributions and that can aid public health. Here we describe a protocol to identify the species a parasitic arthropod has previously fed upon by identifying the source of the remnants of a previous blood meal via shotgun proteomics and spectral matching. The protocol is a nontargeted approach that uses the entire detected blood proteome for source identification; it does not require a priori knowledge of genome or protein sequences. Instead, reference spectral libraries are compiled from the blood of multiple host species by using SpectraST, which takes ∼4 d; the identification of the species from which a previous blood meal of a hematophagous arthropod was taken is achieved with spectral matching against the reference spectral libraries, which takes approximately another 4 d. This method is robust against random degradation of the blood meal and can identify unknown blood remnants months after the feeding event.