Smoking among Asian Americans: Acculturation and Gender in the Context of Tobacco Control Policies in New York City
Published Date:May 10 2013
Source:Health Promot Pract. 14(5 0):18S-28S.
Health Services Accessibility
Health Status Disparities
New York City
Tobacco Prevention And Control
Pubmed Central ID:PMC3751989
Funding:U48 DP001904/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U58DP001022/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U58 DP001022/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U48DP001904/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
P60MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P60 MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
Description:New York City (NYC) has experienced significant decline in smoking prevalence since its antismoking campaign; however, the rates among NYC's Asian communities have persisted since 2002. Using combined data from the REACH US Risk Factor Survey (2009-2011), this article examined ethnic- and gender-specific smoking behaviors and the effects of acculturation and location of residence on cigarette smoking behavior among Chinese, Korean, Asian Indians, and other Asian Americans. Results indicated that current smoking prevalence was higher for men than women among all four groups. Korean men and women had the highest current smoking rates whereas Indians had the lowest among the four subgroups. Asian American women reporting speaking only English at home had higher current smoking prevalence, but this was not observed for men. Living in Sunset Park, an emerging Asian ethnic enclave, was associated with higher odds of smoking than living in other locations in NYC. In conclusion, smoking prevalence varied across gender and ethnic subgroups among Asian Americans in NYC. A "one-size-fits-all" type of intervention strategy for "pan-Asians" could not be effective. Community-based culturally appropriate and gender-specific interventions for smoking cessation might be an option for Asian Americans residing in linguistically isolated ethnic enclaves.
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