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Influenza surveillance report no. 92, September 1976-June 1977
  • Published Date:
    January 1981
Filetype[PDF - 4.96 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Center for Disease Control, Immunization Division ; Center for Disease Control, Bureau of Epidemiology., Consolidated Surveillance and Communication Activity. ; Center for Disease Control, Bureau of Epidemiology., Enteric and Neurotropic Viral Diseases Branch. ; ... More ▼
  • Series:
    Influenza surveillance report ; no. 92
    DHEW publication ; no. (CDC) 81-8295
    Morbidity and mortality weekly report ; v. 26 , no. 24, p. 193-194, 1999
  • Document Type:
  • Description:
    I. Summary -- II. Surveillance methods -- III. Surveillance results, 1976-1977 -- IV. Summaries of epidemic investigations and special studies -- V. Worldwide surveillance -- VI. Method for diagnosing influenza outbreaks -- VII. Guidelines for control of nosocomial influenza -- Erratum -- Appendix: ACIP recommendations, 1977

    "The 1976-77 influenza season (September 1976 through June 1977) was a mild one characterized primarily by type B influenza infections. Mortality from influenza and pneumonia never exceeded the epidemic threshold in the United States that year. The season was remarkable, however, because of several events. (a.) In February 1976 an outbreak of confirmed swine influenza-like virus-A/New Jersey/8/76 (Hsw1N1) occurred at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and an unprecedented effort was launched to immunize the United States population against a potential pandemic strain of influenza. This National Influenza Immunization Program (NIIP) was the single largest short-term public health measure ever undertaken. Two hundred million doses of vaccine were produced, and by the time a moratorium was initiated in December, over 48 million people had been vaccinated. (b.) For the first time in the history of Centers for Disease Control (CDC) influenza surveillance activities, all 50 states and all United States territories participated in an active surveillance program with over 4,000 separate reporting sources. (c.) A system for monitoring adverse reactions detected an association between influenza vaccination and Guillain-Barre syndrome. (d.) From January 1 through March 31,-1977, during an epidemic of influenza B, 220 cases of Reye syndrome were reported. This was the largest case total reported since the influenza B epidemic of 1973-74 when 379 cases were reported.." p. [1]

    Appendix: ACIP recommendations, 1977, also has title: Recommendation of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices: Influenza vaccine (June 1977; Published MMWR: Vol. 26, No. 24. 1977).

  • Supporting Files:
    No Additional Files