IFNγ/IL-10 Co-producing Cells Dominate the CD4 Response to Malaria in Highly Exposed Children
Published Date:Jan 09 2014
Source:PLoS Pathog. 2014; 10(1).
Funding:K23 AI100949/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
K23 AI100949/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
P30AI027763/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
R01AI093615/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
U19 AI089674/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
U19AI089674/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
U62P024421/PHS HHS/United States
UL1 TR000004/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
Description:Although evidence suggests that T cells are critical for immunity to malaria, reliable T cell correlates of exposure to and protection from malaria among children living in endemic areas are lacking. We used multiparameter flow cytometry to perform a detailed functional characterization of malaria-specific T cells in 78 four-year-old children enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study in Tororo, Uganda, a highly malaria-endemic region. More than 1800 episodes of malaria were observed in this cohort, with no cases of severe malaria. We quantified production of IFNγ, TNFα, and IL-10 (alone or in combination) by malaria-specific T cells, and analyzed the relationship of this response to past and future malaria incidence. CD4(+) T cell responses were measurable in nearly all children, with the majority of children having CD4(+) T cells producing both IFNγ and IL-10 in response to malaria-infected red blood cells. Frequencies of IFNγ/IL10 co-producing CD4(+) T cells, which express the Th1 transcription factor T-bet, were significantly higher in children with ≥2 prior episodes/year compared to children with <2 episodes/year (P<0.001) and inversely correlated with duration since malaria (Rho = -0.39, P<0.001). Notably, frequencies of IFNγ/IL10 co-producing cells were not associated with protection from future malaria after controlling for prior malaria incidence. In contrast, children with <2 prior episodes/year were significantly more likely to exhibit antigen-specific production of TNFα without IL-10 (P = 0.003). While TNFα-producing CD4(+) T cells were not independently associated with future protection, the absence of cells producing this inflammatory cytokine was associated with the phenotype of asymptomatic infection. Together these data indicate that the functional phenotype of the malaria-specific T cell response is heavily influenced by malaria exposure intensity, with IFNγ/IL10 co-producing CD4(+) T cells dominating this response among highly exposed children. These CD4(+) T cells may play important modulatory roles in the development of antimalarial immunity.
text/plain image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg text/plain application/postscript application/postscript application/postscript image/gif image/jpeg image/gif image/jpeg
You May Also Like: