Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative -- protecting kidney kealth
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Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative -- protecting kidney kealth

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    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as they should. CKD has varying levels of seriousness that can range from leakage of extra protein into the urine to kidney failure requiring dialysis, in which a machine filters the blood like healthy kidneys would, or a kidney transplant, where a kidney is donated from another person. If left untreated, CKD can progress to kidney failure (also known as end-stage renal disease) and early cardiovascular death.

    • More than 20 million (or more than 10%) US adults are estimated to have CKD and most are undiagnosed.

    • Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the United States.

    • In the United States, diabetes and hypertension are the leading causes of kidney failure, accounting for 72% or about 3 out of 4 new cases.

    • The number of kidney failure cases in the US population has more than tripled since 1990 and is expected to grow because of an aging population and the increasing number of people with conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which place them at risk of developing CKD.

    • Total Medicare spending (excluding prescription drugs) for patients with kidney failure reached nearly $29 billion in 2012, accounting for about 6% of the Medicare budget costs. In addition, overall Medicare costs for people aged 65 years or older with CKD were about $45 billion in 2012, or more than $20,000 per person per year.


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