Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative -- protecting kidney kealth
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative -- protecting kidney kealth

Filetype[PDF-1.35 MB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Description:
      Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as they should. CKD has varying levels of seriousness that can range from leakage of extra protein into the urine to kidney failure requiring dialysis, in which a machine filters the blood like healthy kidneys would, or a kidney transplant, where a kidney is donated from another person. If left untreated, CKD can progress to kidney failure (also known as end-stage renal disease) and early cardiovascular death.

      • More than 20 million (or more than 10%) US adults are estimated to have CKD and most are undiagnosed.

      • Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the United States.

      • In the United States, diabetes and hypertension are the leading causes of kidney failure, accounting for 72% or about 3 out of 4 new cases.

      • The number of kidney failure cases in the US population has more than tripled since 1990 and is expected to grow because of an aging population and the increasing number of people with conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which place them at risk of developing CKD.

      • Total Medicare spending (excluding prescription drugs) for patients with kidney failure reached nearly $29 billion in 2012, accounting for about 6% of the Medicare budget costs. In addition, overall Medicare costs for people aged 65 years or older with CKD were about $45 billion in 2012, or more than $20,000 per person per year.


    • Main Document Checksum:
    • File Type:

    Supporting Files

    • No Additional Files

    More +

    You May Also Like

    Checkout today's featured content at