On the path to an AIDS-free generation : turning the tide of the epidemic
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On the path to an AIDS-free generation : turning the tide of the epidemic

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  • Alternative Title:
    Turning the tide of the epidemic
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    For 30 years CDC has played a leading role in achieving scientific progress and translating science into action to save millions of lives in the global fight against HIV/AIDS.

    Recent scientific advances now offer a historic new opportunity – using existing tools – to dramatically drive down the rate of new HIV infections and virtually eliminate infections in babies and children. The science shows that using proven prevention tools, we can reduce the number of new infections, increase the number of people receiving treatment, and eventually start to treat more people than are being infected each year. Instead of falling behind the pace of the epidemic, we will, for the first time, get ahead of it. We will be able to turn the tide in the global epidemic.

    This exciting research news provided the impetus for Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s call to action in November 2011 for pursuing an AIDS-free generation (see sidebar) and President Obama’s announcement of the accelerated treatment goal and “the beginning of the end of AIDS” in December 2011on World AIDS Day.

    Three key scientific interventions have been identified as pivotal for drastically reducing new HIV infections: (1) scaling-up treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS, (2) ending mother-to-child transmission of the HIV virus, and (3) expanding voluntary medical male circumcision. When used in combination with each other, along with HIV testing and counseling, condoms, prevention for key populations and other prevention tools, these interventions put us on a plausible path for eliminating new infections.

    Through the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the United States is working to support an optimal mix of these three prevention interventions. As the primary science-based public health and disease prevention agency and with longstanding, trusted relationships with foreign Ministries of Health, CDC plays a key role in implementing this strategy. The three prevention interventions are described below.

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